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    The Java programming language is self-explanatory. Java's incredible potential in web and mobile application development continues to captivate people all over the world. You, too, will be enticed by Java's popularity and monopoly in software development, and you will want to use this programming language for your next web development solution.

    Java allows you to secure complex application solutions such as tally voting polls, flight booking APIs, hotel reservation systems, and many others. But how would you know which Java technologies are required to create a complex or simple web application?

    There is a diverse set of technologies that fall under the umbrella of the name Java and describe web development in various ways. In this article, we will learn about Java technologies that can be used to create a web application.

    Knowing about these technologies is essential for understanding your application flow, whether you are a full-stack coder or a business owner.      


    So, let's not waste any more time and get to know them thoroughly, but first, let's break down the science of Java web development.


    What Strikes A Chord With Java Web Development? 

    The term referred to the process of creating a website using Java technologies. With Java, the science of web development can be clearly understood. But first, you must understand the concept of a web application. 

    Web applications are distributed application programs that can run on multiple computers and establish a communication medium via a network or server. However, these applications only run on a web browser and are known for making it simple to use the browser for the client. 

    When you create a web application, you do not need to install or deploy the software application to multiple computers for the client. Therefore, enterprises can update and maintain a web application without having to deal with the hassles of updating and maintaining the application solution. 

    These web applications can be used for online retail sales, webmail, web blogs, online banking, discussion boards, and other purposes. A web application can be accessed by millions of users at the same time, making it extremely popular. As a result, businesses prefer Java development services.

    You must use the Java EE platform to create a web application in Java. Furthermore, there are numerous other platforms and standard editions, such as classes and packages, that facilitate web development. The technologies you use must be server-compatible to create a web application.

    The server must have an installed container or web server that can recognize and run the classes you create. Now, let's look at the Java technologies tools that you can use to build web applications.

    Overall, you must ensure that these technologies are installed in your system to run Java.


    Harness Java Technologies in Web Application Development

    Several technologies can be included in the list. Java Servlet, Java Server Pages, JDBC, and other core java technologies are used extensively in java web development. When you combine all of these technologies, you may end up using each of them.

    Java Servlet

    The main technology that allows you to define HTTP-specific classes in Java Servlet. The servlet class extends the potential and capabilities of servers and hosts the application in this case. A request-response programming model can be used to access this application. Though servlet can respond to any type of request, the primary purpose of using servlet is to extend applications hosted on web servers. For example, you can use a servlet to get data from an online application and extend it to appear on-screen or on an HTML page.


    Java Server Pages (JSPs)

    Java Server Pages (JSP) are popular among developers because they provide a simple and quick way to create dynamic web content. It enables the rapid development of the platform- and server-independent web applications.

    However, you can insert snippets of servlet code into the application's text document, making JSP developer-friendly. Furthermore, JSP pages are primarily text-based documents that contain two types of text:

    • Static data can be expressed in any text format, such as XML, HTML, or WML.
    • JSP technology defines the entire process of creating dynamic content on a web page.

    Furthermore, the JSP page creation packages are java. servlet.JSP, javax.el, javax.servlet.jsp.tagexta, and javax.servlet.jsp.el. You would, however, have to import them directly. In the presence of snipped JSP code and extensions, it can be extremely simple to create a web application with JSP.


    API for JDBC

    Java Database Connectivity is a Java API that allows you to connect to and execute database queries. JDBC is comprised of a set of Java interfaces and classes. Developers can create apps that connect to SQL databases by using standard classes and interfaces.

    Persistence API for Java (JPA)

    Java Persistence API provides a mechanism for Java developers to manage relational data in Java applications via an object-relational mapping facility. It provides a platform for working with objects rather than SQL.

    Technology for JavaServer Faces

    JavaServer Faces (JSF) technology is a user interface framework for developing web-based interfaces. JSF provides a straightforward model for producing components in a variety of scripting/markup languages. The data sources and server-side event handlers are linked to the UI widgets. Existing standard UI components can be reused and extended in interface construction using JSF. JSF aids in the reduction of the effort required to create and maintain web applications.

    Wrapping Up

    So, these are the best Java technologies for java web development. Each has its significance and application in web development, and Java developers can use them in a variety of ways by understanding their capabilities.
    You may be wondering if Java development can be expensive. But! When you hire an Indian Java developer, you get incredibly low-cost java web development. Stay tuned to the platform for more information on Java technology.

    About Author

    Manektech Team

    Ruchir Pandya

    Delivery Head of Web

    Ruchir Pandya is a seasoned software and business professional with over 15 years of experience in IT, Software Development, and operations. As the overseer of the Open-Source Web department (PHP Department), he takes charge of development and operations.

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